Social, Emotional and Mental Health

This section provides guidance to schools on the establishment and implementation of policies and procedures for managing pupils' behaviour, including challenging behaviour and ensuring that all pupils are protected from bullying. For some children and young people, difficulties in their social and emotional development, can mean that they require additional and different provision in order for them to achieve.

Children and young people may experience a wide range of social and emotional difficulties which manifest themselves in many ways. These may include becoming withdrawn or isolated, as well as displaying challenging, disruptive or disturbing behaviour.

These behaviours may reflect underlying mental health difficulties such as anxiety or depression, self-harming, substance misuse, eating disorders or physical symptoms that are medically unexplained. Other children and young people may have disorders such as attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) or attachment disorder.

Schools and colleges should have clear processes to support children and young people, including how they will manage the effect of any disruptive behaviour so it does not adversely affect other pupils.

Enhanced Mainstream Schools (EMS)

There is a network of nine Enhanced Mainstream Schools for Social, Emotional, Mental Health across North Yorkshire. Here a local primary school provides additional support in the locality for pupils exhibiting SEMH issues.  Extra help is provided via outreach and support to pupils' home schools and fixed term, sessional in reach in the specialist EMS School if appropriate. The majority of pupils remain on their own school roll.

Pupil Referral Services (PRS)

In North Yorkshire there are Pupil Referral Units catering for secondary school age pupils that offer flexible opportunities for those unable to fully access full time schooling.  The groups supported include those excluded from school,  those at risk of exclusion, the vulnerable and  those who for medical reasons are unable to access mainstream schooling.

Specialist SEMH Provision

For pupils designated as exhibiting Special Educational Needs (SEN) North Yorkshire offers two special schools that provide both residential and day education; Forest Moor and Bromton Hall. Access is via an Education Health Care Plan (EHCP).

Inclusion / Exclusion Support

Officers of The Local Authority provide specialist advice and support in line with national guidance to ensure that behavioural frameworks, policies and procedure support all.

Regular Cross Agency Sharing encourages a significant 'joint approach' with all agencies to use overall resource effectively.

Assessment of Need ensures that individuals receive that best available provision and support from the most appropriate provider.

Useful Documents

Guidance on the Use of Restrictive Physical Intervention with Children and Young People

The Safe Use of Restrictive Physical Intervention: Letter to Headteachers and Chairs of Governors