Special Educational Needs & Disabilities

Special Educational Needs & Disabilities

The information contained in this page [and its sub-pages] is in the process of being updated. Thank you and please accept our apologies for any inconvenience caused.

The Local Authority provides a range of specialist support services to help children and young people with special educational needs.

A child has special educational needs if he or she has a significant learning difficulty or disability and, to succeed in school, needs additional or different education from other children of the same age. Specialist provision falls under four broad areas:

  • Communication and interaction
  • Cognition and learning
  • Social, emotional and mental health
  • Sensory and/or physical

Most children with SEND have their needs effectively met in mainstream schools, with their teachers supported by the school SENCo or Inclusion manager. 

If additional support is needed then this can be requested from the Inclusive Education Service (IES).
If the needs of a child are considered to be at a level where they do not meet the criteria for a core service (see guidance attached), then schools are able to purchase specialist advice, teaching or hands on direct intervention if they feel this would help them to support the child more effectively.  Please contact NYES if you would like to discuss purchasing additional specialist support, training or consultancy.
This section of the website provides information on the specialist teams and networks who work alongside Enhanced Mainstream Schools (EMS), Pupil Referral Service (PRS) and Special Schools throughout the county to provide support to children and young people who have special educational needs.
The IES service is also available for informal advice to schools, settings and families on any aspect of SEND and inclusion without needing to make a formal referral. This includes advice on developing provision in schools, and advice around issues such as exclusion, part time provision, home education and SEND, and resolving disagreements around provision. For informal advice please contact inclusiveeducation@northyorks.gov.uk or phone 01609 534010 and do share this contact with families, directing them also to the local offer (https://www.northyorks.gov.uk/send-local-offer).
Please use the menu on the left to find information about each of the four areas of need as stated in the Code of Practice. Each page will help to support both staff and children with needs in the classroom.
For quicker access to links which describe the graduated approach, please check out our menu below.
CYPSinfo: Continuum of Need

Universal provision

Please read the Quality First Teaching document for general strategies to support pupils in the classroom.

First concerns

Please use the At-A-Glance profile (from the Cognition and Learning toolkit) below.



Targeted SEN support 

RFI form

Complex and specialist needs

Please go to the Assessment and Review page on CYPSinfo, which provides information on the following;

  • Banding process and descriptors
  • EHCAR application forms
  • Exceptional funding paperwork
  • Annual Review guidance and Proforma

Useful Downloads

NYCC Alternative Provision Directory (Uploaded December 2019)

Request for Involvement Form to make a request to the Inclusive Education service via the Single point of Access process

Request for Involvement Form (Young Person Consent)

SEND Mainstream Guidance 2017-18 - this sets out what you can expect in schools and settings for supporting children and young people with SEND

SEND: Inclusive Education Service Core & Extended Offer  2017/18 -  this explains what the inclusive education service consists of, including centrally based teams and enhanced mainstream schools

Specialist Equipment Guidance

Lone Worker Risk Assessment - Required when making a request for Portage involvement

Loss & Bereavement



The Inclusive Education Service has created an infograph (see in the PDF below) about how to make your classroom inclusive. It looks at behaviours that are commonly seen but might not be identified as special educational needs as a root cause. We would like to acknowledge the West Exe School as a source for this infograph – we adapted from an original version they had created. We encourage schools in North Yorkshire to print our infograph to use as a poster within the classroom.

How to make your classroom inclusive: a universal provision guide

We have added the following infographics below to help summarise how inclusion is a necessary aspect of the classroom. We have acknowledged and referenced the following infograph from external sources. 

Courtesy of Upbility (April 2019) via their facebook page. A free download is available there (at the time of writing).

Courtesy of Educate Midlands (March 2019) from their facebook page.

The Evidence-based Directory is coming soon!

Last Updated: September 2019